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Government of the republic of belarus united nations development programme council for enterprise development



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GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS

UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME


COUNCIL FOR ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL FUND FOR ECONOMIC RESEARCH

AND LEGAL INITIATIVES


Project

Improving the administrative and economic environment for private sector development by facilitating public-private dialogue


The aim of the project is to promote effective public-private partnerships in identifying and removing barriers and challenges to small business development, to strengthen the expertise of the business community and to broaden its options for participation in the policy and rule-making process. The project will help develop the tools for comprehensive and consistent monitoring of trends in the small business sector. It will strengthen the role of the business community in creating a more favorable business environment by promoting its participation in the drafting of legislation and development and promotion of legal initiatives.


^

SIGNATURE PAGE



Country: Republic of Belarus


Country Programme Outcome: Improving the business and investment climate by promoting public-private partnerships


Implementing Partner: Council for Enterprise Development

National Fund for Economic Research and Legal Initiatives (NFERLI)



^ Programme Period: 2006-2010

Programme Component: Private Sector Development

Project Title: Improving the Administrative and Economic Environment for Private Sector Development by Facilitating Public-private Dialogue

Project ID: 00051026

Project Duration: 3 years

Management Arrangement: NEX



Budget: US$ 200,000


Allocated Resources:


  • UNDP US$ 180,000

  • ^ NFERLI US$ 20,000







Agreed by

Name

Title

Signature

Date



Government:















Implementing Partner:

Mr. Vladimir Zinovsky

Chairman of the Council for Enterprise Development









UNDP:

Ms. Cihan Sultanoglu

UNDP Resident Representative in Belarus









^ Part 1. Situation Analysis


The present stage in the development of private enterprise is marked by a broad recognition of private sector’s role as an engine for employment generation and for sustainable socio-economic development. This recognition is reflected in a range of government documents that define private sector development as a key macroeconomic policy objective and set concrete indicators for its expansion. The 25% target for the share of small business in total sales of goods and services – set by the previous socio-economic development programme – has been met. The socio-economic development programme for the next five-year period calls for continued enlargement of the small business sector.

The National Sustainable Development Strategy up until 2020 emphasizes the great potential of the private sector in the transition to innovation-based development and calls for a more proactive role for SMEs, as well as a more effective business environment. “Stronger coordination and more effective interaction of private business and the civil society” have been stated as a leading principle of sustainable development.

As of 1 January 2005, 53.1% of total GDP was produced in the private sector1, representing a 6% increase over the previous four years. The private sector accounted for 64% of the total output in industry, 71% in construction and 78% in trade. These statistics are an indication of the steady progress made by Belarus in the transition to the market economy.

However, the development of small business has not been equally dynamic. At December 2004, small businesses produced less than 9% of the GDP, around 7% of the total manufacturing output, 14.2% and accounted for around 9% of retail turnover and 8% of consumer output2.

According to data from the Ministry of Statistics and Analysis, the number of SMEs is growing at a rate of no more than 3 - 4% per year. The majority of SMEs are still located in Minsk City and provincial capitals and operate mostly in trade and public catering. SMEs continue to play a fairly limited role in achieving export growth, rural recovery, development of consumer services and other important development objectives. SMEs’ cooperative ties with big business are also limited, constraining the contribution of SMEs to greater enterprise specialisation, technological innovation and other effective growth strategies.

Many reasons for this situation are attributable to the complex regulatory environment for private sector activity. The rules and regulations that govern different aspects of an SME’s operation - from registration to termination - act as a disincentive to enterprise flexibility and private initiative. As suggested by business owner surveys, the need to meet a large number of formal rules and regulations makes businesses less dynamic and constrains their ability to adjust to changing market demands. At the same time, business associations have limited capacity to influence the rule-making process due to lack of coordination and an excessive focus on narrowly defined issues faced by their individual members.

In these conditions, the processes for joint deliberations and decision making are a necessity. Mechanisms are also needed to translate such processes into opportunities to draft and promote regulatory documents affecting the legal environment for business.

The Council for Enterprise Development (the Council) could be the nexus for such processes and mechanisms. Created at the initiative of the President of Belarus, the Council is working to “coordinate the work of enterprise associations and recommend policies aimed at providing comprehensive government support for private sector enterprises”3.

The Republican Fund for Economic Research and Legal Initiatives (the Fund) acts as the Council’s executive arm. The Fund was established and funded by private enterprises and private sector associations (Appendix 1).

The Council of Ministers Resolution No. 819 of 7 July 2004 requires that all decisions affecting the operating conditions for SMEs be debated at the drafting stage at the Council for Enterprise Development.

An Advisory and Steering Conference of Business Communities (the Conference)4 has been established to coordinate the work of the Council for Enterprise Development and business associations on improving the business climate.

However, initial outcomes of those partnerships show the need for a continued effort to provide professional impact assessments of existing and proposed regulatory policies and to suggest well-argued and constructive policy options.

The Interministerial Commission for SME Support and Development - headed by the Prime Minister - is another venue for policy dialogue between the business community and the state. However, the Commission’s work could also benefit from a stronger focus on substantive analysis and a constructive debate of available options.

Overall, the openings for private sector influence on economic policies could be broadened by:

  • Fostering deeper partnerships among business associations in identifying and framing problems affecting SMEs and in proposing and implementing solutions;

  • Strengthening the expertise of the business community and broadening its options for participation in the policy and rule-making process

  • Conducting early warning studies of small business development trends and the influence of internal and external factors on those trends.


A stronger role for the business community in the policy and rule making processes would enhance the ongoing dialogue between business and the government and create a more favourable and transparent legal and regulatory environment for business in the long run.


To build a meaningful and productive dialogue between business and the state, effective and reliable tools are required to conduct consistent and ongoing studies and to monitor trends in the small business sector as they unravel. In the absence of such tools, assessments of the conditions, status, development and risks to small business are often sporadic and not current, making it difficult to adequately forecast small business sector trends, and timely, well-grounded regulatory responses become difficult or slow to come.

An ongoing comprehensive monitoring of small business is an essential tool for making sound policies on small business support, improving the effectiveness and efficiency of such policies and identifying and removing excessive administrative constraints to small business activity.


^ Part II. Strategy


The development goal of the project is to improve conditions for new and existing small businesses by enhancing partnerships between business and the state in private enterprise promotion.


The main objectives are as follows:

  • Improve expertise for the business community in elaborating and promoting legal and policy proposals affecting the state of the business and regulatory environment;

  • Increase transparency of the decision and rule making processes affecting the private sector;

  • Improve monitoring of small business trends in Belarus and increase public awareness of its role and contribution to socio-economic development;


The project will be implemented in direct partnership with business associations and private sector organisations, the National Parliament, Ministry of Economy, Ministry for Taxes and Duties, Ministry of Statistics and Analysis, Supreme Economic Court, National Law Drafting Centre and other government and public authorities.

The project will be implemented in close collaboration with other international organizations and in coordination with other technical assistance projects. Work on reducing administrative barriers to business will build upon the findings and recommendations sponsored by IFC.
^

Rationale for UNDP involvement



The project is fully consisted with the objectives and target outputs outlined by the Country Programme Document for Belarus for 2006 – 2010. Notably, programme area 1 “Economic growth an improved living standards”, calls for projects aimed at “… (c) improving public-private partnerships and promoting corporate social responsibility, (d) improving the business and investment climate and (e) support for small business by removing excessive administrative constraints”.

These areas for project interventions are in line with the recommendations from the mission on assessment of UNDP activity on small business SME Support from 1997 to 2004.5 The recommendations suggested the following priorities for UNDP involvement in 2006 – 2010:

“Business Enabling Environment - building on past successes in this area, UNDP will work closely with the national Fund for Economic and Legal Initiatives and the Council for Private Enterprise Development to develop a comprehensive action plan for business environment reform. The action plan will be implemented, wherever possible and appropriate, in cooperation with other international organizations operating in Belarus.”

Outcomes from this project, oriented towards improving the business environment, will have a positive impact on private sector development in the regions, thereby contributing to the success of UNDP projects on employment and self-employment promotion in small cities, ecotourism development in recreation areas and socio-economic rehabilitation of Chernobyl-affected regions.


^ Target groups

The direct recipients of project assistance include the Republican Fund for Economic Research and Legal Initiatives, the Council for Enterprise Development, Advisory and Steering Conference of Business Communities, the Interministerial Commission on SME Development under the Council of Ministers, and enterprise and private sector associations.

^ Indirect beneficiaries include government agencies, private sector enterprises and the general population.


The project is comprised of two components.

The aim of the first component is to strengthen the expertise of the business community and to increase its options for participating in the decision making process. This would involve the following activities:


1. Establishing and facilitating the work of analytical and expert panels consisting of members of the business community, government agencies, R&D institutions and international organizations, including the World Bank, IFC and EBRD.

The panels:

  • Provide comments, proposals and reactions to draft legislation on critical aspects of small business development, including:

  • The range of economic activities requiring a government license;

  • Removing excessive legal and administrative constraints to small and medium-sized business;

  • Eliminating inconsistencies and ambiguity in legislation on enterprise activity;

  • Streamlining and increasing the transparency of fines and other sanctions applicable to business;

  • Development of innovation activity by SMEs;

  • Development of small business active in the manufacture of goods and services;

  • Improvements to the simplified taxation system and SME accounting and bookkeeping rules;

  • Reducing the tax burden on small and medium-sized business;




  • Conduct research and produce analytical reports with regard to:




      • Taxation, bookkeeping and accounting rules for micro-businesses;

      • Reducing the amount of required official permits and the costs involved in starting up a micro business;

      • Improving small SME access to assets and equity;

      • Improving the accounting and bookkeeping rules for SMEs in light of the transition to international accounting standards;

      • Conditions and principles governing the issue of permits and licenses to SMEs;

      • Simplifying customs regulations and speeding up the customs formalities.


The focus of each panel and timeline for the production of outputs in each issue area will be defined by the Action Plan on implementing the State Small Business Support Concept for 2006 - 2010.


2. Study of cooperation and subcontracting practices among small and large firms from different countries; evaluation, assessment and identification of opportunities to implement such practices in Belarus;

3. Deepening of partnerships with the Parliament, regional and local legislatures and governments on matters related to small business support. This would be achieved, inter alia, by contributing to working group meetings, workshops. Seminars and other events where the project’s proposals and initiatives could be presented and promoted.


Activities in the second component will include:


1. Developing a methodology for the ongoing comprehensive monitoring of small business development in Belarus. To this end, project activities will include:

  • Study of relevant national and international practices;

  • Exploration of information needs, identification of monitoring targets and relevant indicators based on industry, region or small business profile;

  • Identifying options for organizing the monitoring, identifying resource needs and potential sources of information;

  • Broad-based discussion of monitoring approaches during roundtable meetings, sessions of the Council for Enterprise Development, Business Community Steering Conference and the Interministerial Commission for small business development;

The methodology should enable systematic tracking of parameters and trends in small business, while ensuring comparability of statistics and indicators with the EU to ensure internationally valid comparisons


2. Production, publication and dissemination of annual newsletters and generation of media coverage on the situation of small business, its contribution to socio-economic development, and support available to SMEs from the state and technical assistance programmes.

^

Exit strategy


The project will develop and fine-tune the tools for the monitoring of constraints to the private sector. Upon completion of the project, this work is expected to be taken over by the National Fund for Economic Research and Legal Initiatives. In doing so, it will rely on a pool of national experts created and utilized by the project. These experts could also be of use to the Republican Fund, the Council for Enterprise Development, and the Coordination and Steering Conference in the pursuit of other priorities.

The existence of an ongoing constructive dialogue between business, the legislature and government would help introduce the legal changes needed to improve the business environment and guarantee steady progress towards more stable and transparent conditions for the private sector.


^ Part III. Management Arrangements

This project will mobilize the efforts, inputs and complementary capacities of UNDP and business community to address the issues facing the Belarusian private sector.

The project will be implemented in the national execution modality in accordance with the guidelines and recommendations contained in Resolution 47/199 of the UN General Assembly, directed towards greater decentralization of UNDP-funded activities. As a follow-up to the Resolution, letter from the UNDP Administrator of 17 December 1993 authorizes UN/UNDP Resident Representatives to provide direct organizational, administrative and other technical support to national organization implementing project activities. UNDP guidelines UNDP/ADM/93/46 also authorize UN/UNDP Resident Representatives to conduct procurement of equipment, contract local consultants and other technical expertise and undertake other expenditures in accordance with the project budget, as well as to maintain bookkeeping and financial records of nationally executed activities by analogy with the maintenance of the UN/UNDP Office Administrative Budget.

A consolidated budget will be created from the cost-sharing contribution of the project donors.

The Business Communities Advisory and Steering Conference will be expanded representing all of the project’s stakeholders, including UNDP and other international organizations. The aim is to provide a venue for joint discussion and decision making on matters of strategic importance and to ensure adequate project monitoring.


^ The Council for Enterprise Development:

  • Bears full responsibility for the project’s results

  • Arranges debates and promotes legal and other proposals developed within the framework of the project; arranges sessions to debate the document drafts produced by the project; invites other stakeholders (including the Advisory and Steering Conference of Business Communities, the Ministry of Economy and UNDP) to deliberate on drafts addressing strategic issues;

  • Communicates the project’s outcomes to business audiences;

  • Provides logistical support for project activities.


The Republican Fund for Economic Research and Legal Initiative contributes:

  • Funding, in the amount of $20,000;

  • Office space to locate project personnel;

  • Telephone, utilities and other expenses;

  • Office equipment for use by the project (1 computer, one telephone, one fax machine, office furniture, one photocopier)

  • Space to conduct roundtables, panels, working group meetings and other events.


The UNDP Office in Belarus provides:

  • Cost-sharing in the amount of $180,000

  • Administrative and technical support (Appendix 2);

  • Support in coordination and networking with other UNDP projects;

  • Assistance in communicating the project’s outcomes and results to international audiences.


The project will have the following staff positions:

  • Project Manager

  • Chief Consultant on Private Sector Development;

  • For a detailed description of the Project Manager’s duties and responsibilities, see Appendix3.


Part IV. Monitoring and Evaluation


The project will be subject to continuous monitoring, periodic assessment and reporting in accordance with UNDP rules and procedures.

The Project manager will prepare and submit to UNDP and donors semi-annual and annual reports in an agreed format and within to a fixed timeframe.

The Project Manager is responsible to UNDP and donors for appropriate expenditure of the project budget and reflects the structure of such expenditure in the budget revision, prepared in accordance with the rules contained in the “Financial management and reporting” section of the UNDP manual for nationally executed projects.

The final report will be presented to the Council for Enterprise Development.


^ Part V. Legal Context


This document is the legal basis for implementing a set of project activities, as stipulated by the Standard Basic Agreement between the government of Belarus and UNDP, signed by both parties on 24 September 1992.

The following amendments and additions to this project document can be made at the consent of all signatories to the said document:

  • Amendments and additions that do not substantively alter the stated immediate objectives and expected outputs but are caused a rearrangement of agreed contributions within the original project budget.

  • Revisions to target outputs based on a project evaluation that result in a reasonable increase in the project budget.



^

Outputs and activities table





Intended Outcome as stated in the Country Programme Results and Resource Framework:

Improving the business and investment climate by promoting public-private partnerships.


^ Outcome indicators as stated in the Country Programme Results and Resources Framework, including baseline and targets.

Growth in the number of small businesses and their share in the GDP4 rising employment in the small business sector

Baseline: 2,8 SMEs per 1000 population, SMEs produce 8.2% of national output (2003)


^ Applicable MYFF Service Line: 1.5 Private sector development

Partnership Strategy: The project will be implemented in direct partnership with enterprise and private sector associations and in collaboration with the national legislature, the Ministry of Economy, Ministry of Taxation and Duties, Ministry of Statistics and Analysis, Supreme Economic Court, National Law Drafting Centre, regional executive committees and other government authorities. The project is expected to operate in synergy with other international organizations and technical assistance projects, including those implemented in collaboration with the World Bank and IFC

^ Project title and ID (ATLAS Award ID):


Outputs

Success indicators

Indicative activities

Timeframe


^ Budget ($)

1

2

3

4

5

Output 1













Improved regulatory, legal and economic environment for private enterprise

Number of legal/administrative initiatives developed in partnership with the business community that are fully or partly incorporated in the current legislation




1.1. Provide comments, proposals and reactions to draft legislation on critical aspects of small business development, including:

  • The range of economic activities requiring a government license;

  • Removing excessive legal and administrative constraints to small and medium-sized business;




  • Eliminating inconsistencies and ambiguity in legislation on enterprise activity;




  • Streamlining and increasing the transparency of fines and other sanctions applicable to business;




  • Development of innovation activity by SMEs;




  • Development of small business active in the manufacture of goods and services;

  • Improvements to the simplified taxation system and SME accounting and bookkeeping rules;

  • Reducing the tax burden on small and medium-sized business;






20-25


5-8,

16-19,

29-33


7-11,

18-21,

30-34

5-9,

14-18

26-30


3-6


7-11


4-8

7-11

8-12







Analytical and policy notes shared with the president and government


1.2. Organise relevant studies and preparation of analytical notes examining the current issues affecting the private sector and proposing solutions. Suggested themes include:

  • Aligning bookkeeping, accounting and taxation arrangements for micro-business to those applicable to private entrepreneurs;

  • Simplifying requirements for obtaining official permits and reducing entry costs for micro-businesses;

  • Improving SME access to assets;

  • Streamlining accounting, bookkeeping and taxation arrangements for SMEs in light of the transition to international accounting practices;

  • Unifying approaches and principles for the issue of official permits and licences;

  • Simplifying and speeding up the customs formalities.






4-6


4-8


10-14

11-15


21-26


7-11








Four roundtables conducted in the regions attended by members of local governments and business communities


1.3. Study of constraints to small business development in the regions


13, 18, 24, 30








Business Communities Steering Conference meets at least once in a quarter to deliberate on project-proposed initiatives

1.4. Organise professional deliberation on project-produced materials during sessions of the Council on Enterprise Development and Business Communities Steering Conference


6-36




-

Members of the business community are involved in law drafting teams at different levels of government

1.5. Contributing to the finalization and promotion of project-produced legal drafts



9-36







Suggestions to draft legislation on subcontracting promotion submitted to the Council of Ministers

- At least one analytical article published in an academic or professional journal


1.6. Researching international practices in promoting cooperation and subcontracting among business, and identifying opportunities for implementing such practices in Belarus;


Conducting a workshop for national and regional-level policy makers, enterprise associations and members of the Council for Enterprise Development



5-8









- Two workshops for expert team members and members of enterprise associations

1.7. Implementing recommendations on the comprehensive analysis of draft legislation; preparing a background note in support of those Recommendations;

3, 18




Total for Output 1










80,000


Output 2














A methodology for the monitoring of trends in the SME sector debated in the Enterprise Development Council, Business Communities Steering Conference and Interministerial Commission for SME Support






  • An analytical review of relevant national and international practices




  • A monitoring concept debated at the Council for Enterprise Development and Business Communities Steering Conference




  • Monitoring methodology examined at a meeting of the Interministerial SME Support Commission





2.1. Examine international practices in enterprise support and evaluate national approaches in light of those practices to identify the issues and weaknesses remaining to be addressed;



    1. Conducting roundtables attended by a broad range of stakeholders with an interest in relevant international practices and in contributing to the definition of the ends and means of SME monitoring;




    1. Elaborating clusters of indicators on each type of SME, based on industry, location and function; identifying potential data sources;




    1. Elaborating proposals to amend existing statistical and taxation reporting forms and timeframes for their submission; suggesting new data gathering approaches, including sample surveys, interviews, etc.




    1. Preparing a national SME monitoring concept and presenting it for a debate at the Enterprise Development Council, Business Communities Steering Conference and the Interministerial commission on SME Support




    1. Drafting a final document with recommendations on organizing and conducting an SME monitoring in Belarus



3-6


7-8


9-11


12-13


14-17


18-19






Total for Output 2










30,000

Output 3














Raising public awareness of the SME sector and its role in socio-economic development



  • Two newsletters published




  • At least one article per published each month in professional or general printed media




  • Number of publications on the project in the printed media

3.1. producing and publishing two newsletters on the conditions, achievements and successes of SMEs in Belarus


3.2. Preparing publications in the general and professional media on the issues addressed by the project and the solutions proposed


3.3 Conducting annual press conferences on project achievements;


3.4. Arrange the Final Conference to discuss the project’s results

25-28

14-16


6-36


12, 24,36


35




















Total for Output 3










15,800
















^ Administrative staff 2 positions















Office equipment and furniture




One computer, one printer, one scanner; presentation equipment







^ Office costs













Miscellaneous













GMS













^ Total for project










200,000



Appendix 1

Edict of the President of Belarus

On the Council for Enterprise Development of Belarus”

No. 388 of 13 July 1999


With the purpose of providing comprehensive state support for the development of private sector enterprises, it is hereby decreed:

  1. To establish the Council for Enterprise Development. This council shall operate under the authority of the President of Belarus.

  2. To confirm the attached Rules of Procedure for the Council for Enterprise Development

  3. This Edit will take effect on the date of signature.


Approved

Edict of the President of Belarus No. 388

Of 13 July 1999


Council for Enterprise Development of the Republic of Belarus

Rules of procedure

  1. The Council for Enterprise Development of the Republic of Belarus (the Council) is being created for the purpose of drafting recommendations on the provision and development of comprehensive state support for private-sector enterprises, with the view to the promotion of economic restructuring, the growth of a competitive environment and coordination among public associations of business owners.

  2. The work of the Council shall be guided by the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus, edicts and decrees of the President of Belarus, the laws of the Republic of Belarus, other legal acts, these rules of procedure and its own procedural regulations.

  3. The Council’s primary mission includes:

    1. Preparation of proposals vis-à-vis:

      1. Coordination and improvements in the work of government agencies, local executive authorities and associations of business owners in the field of private enterprise support and development;

      2. Definition of priorities for enterprise support and development;

      3. Improvements in the taxation of business entities

      4. Improving the environment for domestic and foreign investments;

      5. Utilisation of funds allocated to the support and development of entrepreneurial activity, including of foreign investments;

      6. Protection of lawful rights and interests of small business owners, improvements in the system for registering, summarizing and responding to the concerns of small business entities;

      7. Publication of relevant national and international experiences in the media

    2. Involvement in the drafting of the national, regional, investment and other enterprise support programmes;

    3. Review of legislation drafts pertaining to the promotion and development of entrepreneurial activities and submission of proposed improvements to such drafts

    4. Coordination with the enterprise development councils in the regional executive committees and in the Minsk City Executive Committee;

    5. Supporting business participation in government tenders

    6. Promoting business participation in competitive biddings, competitions, auctions and fairs;

    7. Current review of existing legal, administrative, logistical and other constraints to business and drafting of proposals to reduce these constraints;

    8. Impact analysis of legislation affecting entrepreneurial activity

    9. Review of international best practices and proposing improvements in the training of skilled personnel for the entrepreneurial sector

    10. Involvements in the formation of a system for providing logistical, informational, research and other support for private enterprise.

  4. The Council has the authority:

- To propose improvements to current legislation and draft legislation reviewed at its meetings;

- Request relevant information from government agencies and enterprises;

- Invite, in accordance with an established procedure, civil servants and representatives of individual enterprises to participate in its proceedings.

  1. The Council is an advisory body which acts on a pro-bono basis. Its decisions are not legally binding.

  2. The list of the Council’s members is submitted to the President of Belarus by the Council of Ministers and is approved by approved by the President of Belarus. The chairman and deputy chairman of the Council are appointed by the President of Belarus.

  3. Logistical and information support for the Council is provided by the Fund for Economic Research and Legal Initiatives within the limits of its Charter.

Appendix 2


^ DESCRIPTION OF UNDP COUNTRY OFFICE SUPPORT SERVICES


Upon agreement with the Ministry of Economy of the Republic of Belarus the UNDP country office shall provide the following support services for the projects of technical aid:


Support services



Schedule and procedure for the provision of the support services

Cost to UNDP of providing such support services (where appropriate)

Method of reimbursement of UNDP (where appropriate)

1. General administration:


-travel arrangements;


-pouch incoming and outgoing.


upon request of the project manager


as required


According to UPL*


CO Pricelist


Quarterly Implementation Support Services (ISS) charges

2. Finance:

processing of direct payment requests;


certified financial reports



upon request of the project manager


annually



According to UPL


GMS charges in percentage of cost-sharing



Quarterly ISS charges


GMS fee

3. Computer related services:

Internet connectivity

IT consultancy.



as requested




In accordance with the methodology of calculating Internet cost, accepted by UNDP office

4. Procurement services


upon request of the project manager

According to UPL

Quarterly ISS charges

5. Programme support:


assistance in personnel selection and issuance of contracts;


assistance in project monitoring and evaluation.



upon request of the project manager


in line with the UNDP Office evaluation plan



According to UPL

GMS charges in percentage of cost-sharing




Quarterly ISS charges


GMS fee

6. Service of the UNDP’s Communication Officer to visualize the project outputs (conferences, briefings, publications and so on)

In accordance with the CO communications activities

1% of TRAC resources contributed to the project





* UPL: UNDP Universal Price List for Country Office Services to UN Agencies and Programmes

ISS: Implementation Support Services

GMS: General Management Support charges in percentage to cost-sharing

1 The private sector comprises privately owned firms and corporate entities with a less than 50% share of the government

2 Essential statistics on small business in Belarus 2004. Minsk, 2004. P.7

3 Rules of procedure for the Council for Enterprise Development of the Republic of Belarus adopted by the Edict of the President of Belarus No. 388 of 13 July 1999


4 An agreement on the principles of joint action by members of the Advisory and Steering Conference of Business Communities – Record of Approval, 3 December 2005


5 Impact Assessment report on UNDP small business development projects in 1997 – 2004, prepared by Mr. J. Brooks, Practice Leader of the Poverty Reduction and Economic Development, UNDP Regional Center for Europe and the CIS, Bratislava







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