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Национальная академия наук Беларуси

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Институт плодоводства







ПЛОДОВОДСТВО




Том 15, 2004




Ягодоводство

на современном этапе




Материалы международной научно-практической

конференции, посвященной 100-летию со дня рождения

Анатолия Григорьевича Волузнева

(пос. Самохваловичи, 13-15 июля 2004 года)


small fruit growing

nowadays




Materials of the International Applied Science Conference

devoted to the 100th Anniversary since the Birthday

of Anatoliy Grigoryevich Voluznev

(Samokhvalovichy, July 13-15, 2004)



Самохваловичи, 2004


УДК 634.7:631.5


Главный редактор Р.Э. Лойко

Зам. главного редактора В.А. Самусь

Ответственный секретарь Н.А. Шмыглевская


Редакционная коллегия: Л.Н. Григорцевич, А.М. Дмитриева,

В.Г. Иванюк, О.И. Камзолова, Н.Г. Капичникова, З.А. Козловская,

А.М. Криворот, Н.В. Кухарчик, В.А. Матвеев, Е.А. Сидорович,

М.С. Шалкевич


Сборник содержит материалы международной научно-практической конференции «Ягодоводство на современном этапе», посвященной 100-летию со дня рождения доктора биологических наук, профессора Анатолия Григорьевича Волузнева. Конференция состоялась в Институте плодоводства Национальной академии наук Беларуси 13-15 июля 2004 года.


Editor-in-chief R.E. Loiko

Deputy editor-in-chief V.A. Samus

^ Responsible secretary N.A. Shmiglevskaya


Editorial staff: L.N. Grigortsevich, A.M. Dmitrieva, V.G. Ivaniuk,

O.I. Kamzolova, N.G. Kapitchnikova, Z.A. Kozlovskaya, A.M. Krivorot,

N.V. Kukharchik, V.A. Matveyev, E.A. Sidorovich, M.S. Shalkevich


The proceedings comprise the materials of the International Applied Science Conference «Small Fruit Growing Nowadays» dedicated to the 100th Anniversary since the Birthday of the Biol. Dr., Professor Anatoliy Grigoryevich Voluznev. The Conference was held at the Institute for Fruit Growing of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus on 13-15 of July 2004.


© Институт плодоводства Национальной академии наук Беларуси, 2004
^

FRUIT – GROWING. Vol. 15. 2004


__________________________________________________________________________________


C O N T E N T S


N.A. Zazulina. Anatoliy Grigoryevich Voluznev – the founder of scientific breeding of small fruit plants in Belarus …………….……………………………………………………....


9

E.P. Kuminov. The talented small fruit crops breeder (memoirs about A.G. Voluznev) …..

13

V.A. Samus. State and outlook of small fruit growing development in Belarus …………...

15

T.V. Zhidyokhina, E.P. Kuminov. Small fruit growing of Russia in XXI century ………...

20

^ Section 1. Breeding and cultivar trials of small fruit crops




V.P. Kopan, K.N. Kopan, A.N. Yarestchenko. Use of the oligogene donors in small fruit crops breeding …………………………………………………………………………………….


25

L.G. Semyonova. Cultivar trials of small fruit crops in the foothill zone of Republic Adygea

29

A.I. Astakhov. Black currant breeding on the genetic basis ………………………………..

34

S.D. Knyazev. Role of the belorussian cultivars in black currant breeding ………………...

43

L.N. Zabelina, E.I. Nakvasina. Results of black currant breeding in Mountain Altai ……..

48

M.M. Skripnichenko. Results of black currant breeding in St.-Petersburg State Agrarian University …………………………………………………………………………..……………..


52

O.A. Tikhonova. Results of black currant cultivar trial in conditions of the North-West of Russia ………………………………………………………………………….……………….


54

T.V. Zhidyokhina. Black currant breeding in conditions of Central Czernozem Region of Russian Federation ………………………………………………………………………….….


58

A.M. Dmitrieva. Evaluation of black currant initial material regarding the resistance to american mildew ………………………………………………………………………….…


62

L.S. Sankin, V.S. Salykova. Selection of black currant for resistance to diseases, pests and for the high contents of biologically active substances in fruits ………………………………


66

M.I Bokhonova. Peculiarities of growth and fruit bearing of black currant cultivars ………

71

V.S. Ilyin. Large-fruiting of black currant and its genetic base …………………………….

75

L.P. Muraviova, G.A. Muraviov. Regularity of inheritance of black currant adaptive signs in conditions of steppes near Yenisey in Eastern Siberia ………………………………………….


80

V.T. Gumeniuk. “Purpurnaya” – new red currant cultivar …………………………………

85

O.D. Golyayeva. Study of resistance to diseases of red currant cultivars of various genetic and geographical origin in conditions of the Oryol district ………………………………………..


88

N.R. Bzhetseva. Productivity and resistance of currant cultivars of belorussian breeding to negative factors of environment of Southern zone of Russia ………………………………….…..


92

L.N. Kazakova. Estimation of adaptation ability of new cultivars of currant in the South of Central Czernozem zone ……………………………………………………………………….


95

T.N. Sementsova. Susceptibility of red currant cultivars to fungal diseases ……………….

99

N.A. Zazulina. Initial material for new gooseberry cultivars breeding …………………….

103

T.M. Andrushkevich. New gooseberry cultivar “Ravolt” ………………………………….

107

N.A. Pupkova. Belorussian gooseberry cultivars in the Northwest of Russia ……………...

109

I.V. Kazakov. Practical results and outlooks of raspberry breeding ………………………..

114

V. Laugale. Field performance of some foreign strawberry cultivars in Latvia ……………

119

J. Gwozdecki. Evaluation of strawberry cultivars in Poland ……………………………….

123

G.F. Govorova, V.N. Govorov, A.K. Kostin, M.I. Zubkova, A.A. Mozafari. Productivity of new strawberry cultivars in different regions of Russia ………………………………………..


126

D.B. Shokaeva. Yield losses in strawberries because of severe freezing injury in extreme conditions during overwintering in Central Russia ………………………………………………..


130

A.V. Isachkin, G.F.Govorova, M.I. Zubkova. Winter resistance of new selected material of strawberry in conditions of the Oryol district …………………………………………………..


136

S.A. Briukhina. Cultivar specificity of strawberry response to change of temperature and water conditions …………………………………………………………………………………..


139


Z.A. Avdeyeva. Economic and biological peculiarities of strawberry cultivars in conditions of the Orenburg district ………………………………………………………………..



143

M.S. Shalkevich, L.M. Isachenko, M.L. Petrovskaya, T.M. Andrushkevich. Outcomes and outlooks of researches of uncommon small fruit crops in the Institute of Fruit Growing of NAS of Belarus …………………………………………………………………………………...



147

L.M. Isachenko. Cultivars of aronia ………………………………………………………..

156

E.V. Pelageina. Citologic peculiarities of rowan and aronia pollen ………………………..

159

V.N. Mezhenskiy. Introduction and breeding of small fruit crops of family Elaeagnaceae Lindl. in Donbass …………………………………………………………………………………


162

Z. Kawiecki, A. Bieniek, M. Shalkevich. Germination rate of ^ Elaeagnus multiflora Thunb. at various modes of stratification ………………………………………………………………….


168

I.M. Garanovich, T.V. Shpitalnaya. Introduction research of sea-buckthorn in the Central Botanical Garden of NAS of Belarus ……………………………………………………………..


172

E.A. Bykova. Characteristic of a number of economic and biological characters of sea-buckthorn cultivars in conditions of the Orenburg district ………………………………………...


177

T.v. shpitalnaya. Influence of storage terms of ^ Hippophae rhamnoides L. seeds on their viability …………………………………………………………………………………………....


180

S. Žilinskaitė, L. Šutaitė, S. Dapkūnienė, A. Aučina. Local population of japanese quince (^ Chaenomeles japonica Lindl.) - evaluation and selection for genetic resources collection in Vilnius University Botanical Garden in 2000-2003 ………………………………………………



184

M.L. Petrovskaya. Estimation of the perspective forms of japanese chaenomeles by economically valuable characters ……………………………………………………………...


188

A. Bieniek, Z. Kawiecki. Degree of american bird-cherry tree stratified seeds germination (^ Padus serotina L.) ………………………………………………………………………………..


192

N.B. Pavlovskiy. Estimation of regeneration ability of various cowberry cultivars being introduced in Belarus ……………………………………………………………………………...


196

H.N. Kutas. Morphogenesis of introduced cultivars of ^ Vaccinium vitis-idaea L. in aseptic culture ……………………………………………………………………………………………..


199

G.V. Sorokina. Peculiarities of phenology and productivity of blueberry (^ Vaccinium uliginosum L.) in culture ………………………………………………………………………….


203

A.A. Yatsyna, I.I. Kontsevaya. Propagation and introduction of bramble (Rubus arcticus L.) in Belarus ………………………………………………………………………………………….


207

S.E. Dunayeva, N.V. Kudryakova, L.L. Malyshev. Use of izoenzym markers for sample discription and their taxonomic division in the genus Rubus ……………………………………...


212

N.V. Solovykh, V.M. Tiulenev, S.A. Muratova. Perfection of adventitious shoot regeneration techniques from somatic tissues of plants of the genus Rubus ………………………


217

^ Section 2. Propagation and growing technology of small fruit crops




A.N. Zarubin, U.M. Mirenkov. About a technique of currant growing from woody cuttings

221

L.P. Skaliy. Biological peculiarities and propagation by green cuttings of ^ Actinidia colomicta

224

M.I. Dzhigadlo. Microclonal propagation of small fruit plants …………………………….

228

S.A. Muratova, M.B. Yankovskaya, N.V. Solovykh, V.M. Tiulenev. In vitro propagation of small fruit plants…..…………………………………………………………………………….


232

N.S. Ryzhkova, O.N. Vysotskaya. Estimation of plants-regenerants of strawberry after the long in vitro storage ……………………………………………………………………………….


237

V.M. Tiulenev, N.V. Solovykh, S.A. Muratova. Somaclonal variability of strawberry: state and outlooks of researches …………………………………………………………………...


241

S.V. Yanushkevich, N.V. Kukharchik, S.E. Semenas. Comparative study of vegetative productivity of strawberry been grown in vitro and via traditional method ……………………….


244

M.T. Upadyshev, E.A. Tut’. Peculiarities of in vitro propagation of actinidia and chinese magnolia vine ……………………………………………………………………………………..


250

M.N. Barbarosh. Technological methods of black currant cultivation at the mechanized harvesting of berries in conditions of the Republic of Moldova …………………………………..


254

I.P. Karаman, V.V. Tkatch. Black currant productivity in dependence of planting scheme and dozes of fertilizers …………………………………………………………………………….


260

P. Sava. Perfection of gooseberry cultivation technology in conditions of the Republic of Moldova ………………………………………………………………………………………..


264

M.N. Barbarosh. The improvement of technology of strawberry cultivation in the Republic of Moldova ………………………………………………………………………………………..


268

V.V. Jakovenko, V.P. Popova, N.A. Holod, S.V. Bogatyryova. Adaptive technology of strawberry cultivation using perspective cultivars in conditions of the Southern of Russia ……


273

I.A. Trunov, A.V. Yumashev, O.N. Yastrebkova. Influence of various czernozem sub-types on raspberry root system ……………………………………………………………….


278

I.A. Trunov, G.A. Zajtseva, T.V. Zhidyokhina. Influence of natural humidification on honeysuckle productivity ………………………………………………………………………


280

A.A. Mamadrizokhonov. Perfection of the technology of a dogrose vegetative propagation in conditions of the Western Pamir ………………………………………………………………..


286

S.I. Yarchakovskaya, P.M. Kislushko, R.L. Mikhnevich. Black currant protection from mites with the substance PSK ……………………………………………………………………..


290

A.G. Gurin, V.N. Sukhochev, N.K. Pleshkova, G.A. Ignatova. Ecological and biocenosis methods of weed plants number regulation on strawberry plantations ……………………………


294

^ Section 3. Quality, storing and processing of small fruit products




V.D. Karichkovskiy. Mineral elements in black currant and yoshta fruits …………………

298

O.I. Kamzolova, T.M. Andrushkevich, S.L. Lipskaya. Chemical composition of berries of various gooseberry cultivars ……………………………………………………………………


301

E.U. Kaveshnikova. Complex estimation of qualitative parameters of gooseberry fruits ….

305

P. Sava. Market and organoleotic parameters of gooseberry cultivars in the Republic of Moldova ………………………………………………………………………………………..


310

N.I. Savelyev, V.G. Leonchenko, V.N. Makarov, E.V. Zhbanova, T.A. Cherenkova. Estimation of biochemical composition and technological qualities of small fruit and non-conventional garden crops ……………………………………………………………………



313

O.G. Zuykevich, M.G. Maksimenko. Composition and mechanical structure of some small fruit crops yield …………………………………………………………………………………...


316

A. Szajdek, J. Borowska, S. Czaplicki. Biologically active substances and antioxidant properties of fruits and juices of aronia and black currant ………………………………………...


321

S. Czaplicki, M. Shalkevich, R. Zadernowski. Characteristic of carotenoids of sea-buckthorn fruits …………………………………………………………………………………...


326

M. Shalkevich, S. Czaplicki, R. Zadernowski. Contents of L-ascorbic acid, phenolic substances and antioxidnt properties of hydrophilic fractions of sea-buckthorn (^ Hippophae rhamnoides L.) ……………………………………………………………………………………



331

R.R. Kildiyarova, F.K. Dzhurayeva. Estimation of sea-buckthorn fruits by ascorbic acid and crude oil contents in conditions of the Orenburg district ……………………………………..


336

F.S. Pyatnitsa, Z.A. Rupasova, N.N. Ruban, E.N. Matiushevskaya, R.N. Rudakovskaya. Influence of mineral nutrition on the element structure of the highbush blueberry fruits at introduction in Southern areas of Belarus …………………………………………………………



340

Z.A. Rupasova, V.A. Ignatenko, T.I. Vasilevskaya, N.P. Varavina, N.N. Ruban, F.S. Pyatnitsa. Influence of mineral nutrition on the organic acids accumulation in highbush blueberry fruits at introduction in the Southern areas of Belarus ………………………………….



345

A.M. Krivorot. Various modes of the berries storage ……………………………………...

350

T. Krupa, K. Tomala. Quality of bluecrop fruits (vaccinium corymbosum l.) during long storage ……………………………………………………………………………………….


356

T.V. Karpachyova. Quality of fruits and products of processing of various hawthorn species …………………………………………………………………………………………….


361

Section 4. Economics of small fruit growing




T.M. Pavlуukova. Economic effectiveness of strawberry berries production in the South of Central Czernozem zone ……………………………………………………………………….


364

I.I. Kozlova. Production of strawberry berries in economically expedient terms …………..

367

I.V. Bordok, V.E. Voltchkov. Ecological and economic substantiation of american cranberry cultivation efficiency on depleted peatbogs of Belarus ………………………...


370




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