Reasonable use of drinking water and purification of polluted waters are the key ways to secure fresh water supply for future generations in belarus icon

Reasonable use of drinking water and purification of polluted waters are the key ways to secure fresh water supply for future generations in belarus



НазваниеReasonable use of drinking water and purification of polluted waters are the key ways to secure fresh water supply for future generations in belarus
Дата08.08.2013
Размер40.93 Kb.
ТипДокументы
скачать >>>

REASONABLE USE OF DRINKING WATER AND PURIFICATION OF POLLUTED WATERS ARE THE KEY WAYS TO SECURE FRESH WATER SUPPLY FOR FUTURE GENERATIONS IN BELARUS


Like other countries, Belarus has appropriate capacities to preserve the available supplies of fresh water. Much would obviously depend on the Belarusian people themselves. Upon request of the UN Office in Belarus, the «Zerkalo» Sociological Service of the BelaPAN News Agency conducted a survey of the Belarusian capital’ dwellers. The results of the survey have reflected the public opinion on some issues related to the preservation of water resources.

The survey covered 500 Minsk-dwellers representing all population categories aged 18 years and older. Representation of the sociological survey is fully reliable, the quota sample error does not exceed 1 %. The share of male respondents is 45 % and the share of female respondents is 55 %.

The questions are summarized below. All figures are given as a percentage.


  1. ^ Do you know that the year 2003 has been declared by the United Nations as the International Year of Fresh Water?




Yes

17

No

79

Difficult to answer

4





Yes

No

Difficult to answer


2. Does Belarus has sufficient supplies of fresh water in your opinion?



Sufficient

75

Insufficient

8

Difficult to answer

17



Sufficient

Insufficient

Difficult to answer


3. Could you please give an assessment of the quality of water used by you and your family?





Good

Satisfactory

Unsatisfactory

Difficult to answer

For drinking and cooking

17

45

35

3

For hygiene (washing up, taking a shower, taking a bath)

28

53

17

2

For laundering, dish washing

36

54

9

1



4. The level of drinking water consumption in Belarus is one of the highest in Europe (200 - 210 liters per person a day). For example, consumption level in Great Britain is 135 liters; consumption level in developing countries is 10 liters. What is the main reason for that in your opinion? (you can give a number of answers).


Unreasonable and irrational consumption by households

50

People tend to underestimate the important value of water and the need of its reasonable use

40

Lack of government control over the use of water

38

Large water supplies and low prices on water

35

Mismanagement at the local level

35

Physical needs of a person

19

Difficult to answer

3




Unreasonable and irrational consumption by households

People tend to underestimate the important value of water and the need of its reasonable use
^

Lack of government control over the use of water

Large water supplies and low prices on water

Mismanagement at the local level

Physical needs of a person
Difficult to answer



5. Who, in your opinion, is mainly responsible for fresh water pollution in Belarus? (you can give a number of answers)



Industrial enterprises

87

Agricultural sector

37

Transport

35

Households

35

Difficult to answer

6





Industrial enterprises

Agricultural sector

Transport

Households


Difficult to answer


^ 6. What should be done to preserve fresh water supplies for future generations in Belarus? (you can give a number of answers)



Each citizen of the country should adopt a mode of reasonable water use

55

Polluted water should be purified, the network of water intakes, water treatment plants and sanitation facilities should be improved

50

The appropriate government control over water use should be established

38

The relevant legislation should be endorsed

36

Investments in nature conservation should be increased

21

Mass media should give a more frequent coverage of water consumption issues

14

Educational institutions should introduce a broader environmental curricular

13

Collaboration with the international organizations in the field of natural resources conservation should be enhanced

8

Prices on the consumed water should be raised

7

Difficult to answer

2


^

Executive Summary



The problem of fresh water supply is not acute for Belarus. The country has considerable resources of both surface fresh waters (58 km3 a year) and subsurface fresh waters (16 km3 a year). There are 20,8 thousand rivers and springs and about 11 thousand lakes in Belarus. People are fully aware of this fact: the Minsk-dwellers share the opinion (75%) that Belarus has sufficient fresh water supplies.

But the respondents are concerned about the quality of the drinking water that they consume. Protection of waters from pollution is still an acute issue for the country. The survey has demonstrated that public opinion is diversified and reflects different levels of the population attitude to the problem of drinking water quality. As the country has considerable drinking water supplies, the quality of the consumed water can be better, the respondents believe. The respondents are unhappy mainly with the quality of water that they use for drinking and cooking. More than one third of the Minsk-dwellers believe that its quality is low and only 17 % of the respondents think that the quality is good. There's one surprising fact. 54 % of the respondents believe that the quality of water supplied to the capital city is «satisfactory» for laundering and dish washing; only 36 % think that the quality is «good». The thing is that the tap water is also used for drinking and cooking.

Trying to explain the high level of drinking water daily consumption in the country (200 liters per person), every second respondent has pointed out to “unreasonable and irrational” use of water by the households. About one third of respondents have mentioned that “people tend to underestimate the important value of water and the need of its reasonable use” (40 %) as well as “the lack of the government control over the use of water” (38 %) and “mismanagement at the local level” (35 %). It is clearly seen that the Minsk-dwellers tend to blame mainly themselves.

Speaking about those responsible for drinking water pollution, the vast majority of the Minsk-dwellers (87 %) have pointed out to industrial enterprises. More than one third of the respondents have put an equal blame on agricultural sector, transport and households.

Speaking about the efforts that could contribute to the preservation of fresh water supplies for future generations in Belarus, the majority of respondents have highlighted the need for each person to adopt a mode of reasonable water use. The respondents have also listed the proposals to enforce the government and legislative regulation of water use among the measures that could contribute to the preservation of fresh water supplies.

Похожие:

Reasonable use of drinking water and purification of polluted waters are the key ways to secure fresh water supply for future generations in belarus iconFresh-water fish processing

Reasonable use of drinking water and purification of polluted waters are the key ways to secure fresh water supply for future generations in belarus iconOrganization of drinking mineral water bottling

Reasonable use of drinking water and purification of polluted waters are the key ways to secure fresh water supply for future generations in belarus iconThe organization new production for bottling of mineral and drinking water

Reasonable use of drinking water and purification of polluted waters are the key ways to secure fresh water supply for future generations in belarus iconOrganization of production of bottling of bottled drinking water in Khoiniki

Reasonable use of drinking water and purification of polluted waters are the key ways to secure fresh water supply for future generations in belarus iconThe production organization of bottled, drinking water from artasiansk chink

Reasonable use of drinking water and purification of polluted waters are the key ways to secure fresh water supply for future generations in belarus iconArrangement of bottled drinking water production from artesian well of borough Ozarichy

Reasonable use of drinking water and purification of polluted waters are the key ways to secure fresh water supply for future generations in belarus iconCreation of mini-plant to bottle clean drinking water in Chechersk

Reasonable use of drinking water and purification of polluted waters are the key ways to secure fresh water supply for future generations in belarus iconArrangement of bottled drinking water production from artesian well of borough Ozarichy

Reasonable use of drinking water and purification of polluted waters are the key ways to secure fresh water supply for future generations in belarus iconOrganization of a new enterprise for bottling of mineral and drinking water in Petrikov district

Reasonable use of drinking water and purification of polluted waters are the key ways to secure fresh water supply for future generations in belarus icon02 water quality

Разместите кнопку на своём сайте:
Документы


База данных защищена авторским правом ©kzbydocs.com 2000-2015
При копировании материала укажите ссылку.
обратиться к администрации
Документы